Netbsd binary package install
If a package is vulnerable, you will see output similar to the following:. You may wish to have the vulnerabilities file downloaded daily so that it remains current. This may be done by adding an appropriate entry to the root users crontab 5 entry. For example the entry. The result of the audit are then emailed to root. You can then use make update to update the package on your system and rebuild any dependencies. After obtaining pkgsrc, the pkgsrc directory now contains a set of packages, organized into categories.
The rest of this chapter assumes that the package is already in pkgsrc. To build packages from source, you need a working C compiler. The first step for building a package is downloading the distfiles i. If they have not yet been downloaded, pkgsrc will fetch them automatically.
If you have all files that you need in the distfiles directory, you don't need to connect. By default a list of distribution sites will be randomly intermixed to prevent huge load on servers which holding popular packages for example, SourceForge. Thus, every time when you need to fetch yet another distfile all the mirrors will be tried in new random order.
You can overwrite some of the major distribution sites to fit to sites that are close to your own. By setting one or two variables you can modify the order in which the master sites are accessed. This may save some of your bandwidth and time. You can change these settings either in your shell's environment, or, if you want to keep the settings, by editing the mk. To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command:.
You can also choose to download the files manually. Once the software has downloaded, any patches will be applied, then it will be compiled for you. This may take some time depending on your computer, and how many other packages the software depends on and their compile time.
If you use a dialup connection to gain access to the internet, connect now, so the software source can be retrieved for you. To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command:. You can retrieve the files from mirror servers near your network.
The sources and any patches, plus any software that the compilation of the program requires will now be downloaded to your system. Once the software has downloaded, any patches will be applied, then it will be compiled for you. This may take some time depending on your computer, and how many other packages the software depends on and their compile time.
The next stage is to actually install the newly compiled program onto your system. Do this by entering:. If other packages were also added to your system dependencies to allow your program to compile, you can tidy these up also with the command:. It is not present by default, but can be created when needed.
Among the many values which can be set are:. This should not be changed on a system which is already using pkgsrc. The NetBSD Security-Officer and Packages Groups maintain a list of known security vulnerabilities to packages which are or have been included in pkgsrc.
If a package is vulnerable, you will see output similar to the following:. You can then use make update to update the package on your system and rebuild any dependencies. The reverse to the procedure performed above. Change to the appropriate pkgsrc directory before use.
There are a number of additional tools in pkgsrc that provide additional features for maintaining a pkgsrc system. See the Utilities for package management pkgtools section of the pkgsrc guide for a list. Available packages Documentation Mailing Lists Why pkgsrc? Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc Other Commands for the NetBSD Packages Collection pkgsrc maintenance tools Other related reading.
Apparently Simon has more than photos, and with a click or two he can select really easily after they have been tagged. Latest pkgsrc changes Available packages indexed by category Complete list of all packages List of IPv6-enabled packages. Complete pkgsrc documentation packages 7 manual page, an introduction to pkgsrc. It will then attempt to rebuild and install the package and all the packages that were removed.
It is possible, and in the case of updating a package with hundreds of dependencies, arguably even likely that the process will fail at some point.
One can fix problems and resume the update by typing make update in the original directory, but the system can have unusuable packages for a prolonged period of time. Thus, many people find 'make update' too dangerous, particularly for something like glib on a system using gnome. To enable manual rollback one can keep binary packages. The make replace target should only be used by those who understand that there may be ABI issues and can deal with fixing the resulting problems.
It is possible that a replaced package will have a different binary interface and thus packages that depend on the replaced packages may not work correctly. This can be because of a shlib shared library version bump, where depending package binaries will no longer run, or something more subtle.
In these cases, the correct fix is to 'make replace' the problematic depending package. The careful reader will note that this process can in theory require all packages that depend recursively on a replaced package to be replaced. If you are an expert and don't plan to share your packages publically , you can also use in your mk.
A particularly tricky case is when package foo is installed, but in pkgsrc has been split into foo and foo-libs. In this case, make replace will try to build the new foo while the old monolithic foo is installed. The foo package depends on foo-libs, and so pkgsrc will go to build and install foo-libs.
This will fail because foo-libs will conflict with the old foo. There are three approaches:. In addition, any problem that can occur with building a package can occur with make replace.