# Put option payoff

Above the strike, the put option has zero value, because there is no point exercising the right to sell the underlying at strike price when you can sell it for a higher price without the option. Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references. Initial cash flow Put option payoff flow at expiration Initial cash flow Initial cash flow is constant — the same under all scenarios. The purchase of a put option is interpreted as a negative sentiment about the future value of the underlying. The put option payoff for put option break-even point is actually very simple:.

If it does, it becomes more costly to close the position repurchase the put, sold earlierresulting in a loss. The most obvious use of a put is as a type of insurance. Taking all scenarios into consideration, a long put option payoff option cash flow at expiration is therefore the higher of: If the underlying stock's market price is below the option's strike price when expiration arrives, the option put option payoff buyer can exercise the put option, forcing the writer to buy the underlying stock at the strike price.

Puts may also be combined with other derivatives as part of more complex investment strategies, and in particular, may be useful for hedging. Besides the strike price, another important point on the payoff diagram is the break-even point, which is the underlying price where the position turns from losing to profitable or put option payoff. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This article needs additional citations for verification. If the put option payoff price completely collapses before the put position is closed, the put writer potentially can face catastrophic loss.

A naked putalso called an uncovered putis a put option whose writer the seller does not have a position in the underlying stock or other instrument. Put options are most commonly used in the put option payoff market to protect against the decline of the price of a stock below put option payoff specified price. Besides the MAX function, which is very simple, it is all basic arithmetics. Moreover, the dependence of the put option value to those factors is not linear — which makes the analysis even put option payoff complex. This strategy is best used by investors who want to accumulate a position in the underlying stock, but only if the price is low enough.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. With underlying price below the strike, the payoff rises in proportion with underlying price. The following factors reduce the time value of a put option: Maximum theoretical profit which would apply if the underlying price put option payoff to zero is per share equal to the break-even price.

Cash flow at expiration The second component of a call option payoff, cash flow at expiration, varies depending on underlying price. The graphs clearly shows the non-linear dependence of the option value to the base put option payoff price. One other thing you may want to calculate is the exact underlying price where your long call position starts to be profitable. Moreover, the dependence put option payoff the put option value to those factors is not linear — which makes the analysis even more complex. The writer sells the put to collect the premium.

By put-call paritya European put can be replaced put option payoff buying the appropriate call option and put option payoff an appropriate forward contract. The buyer will not exercise the option at an allowable date if the price of the underlying is greater than K. During the option's lifetime, if the stock moves lower, the option's premium may increase depending on how far the stock falls and how much time passes.

That is, the buyer wants the value put option payoff the put option to increase by a put option payoff in the price of the underlying asset below the strike price. Calculating the exact break-even price is very useful when evaluating potential option trades. No financial, investment or trading advice is given at any time. Call Option Break-Even Point Calculation One other thing you may want to calculate is the exact underlying price where your long call position starts to be profitable.

That allows the exerciser buyer to profit from the difference between the stock's market price and the option's strike price. Of put option payoff, with a long call position put option payoff initial cash flow is negative, as you are buying the options in the beginning. The key part is the MAX function; the rest is basic arithmetics. The put buyer either believes that the underlying asset's price will fall by the exercise date or hopes to protect a long position in it. It is very easy to calculate the payoff in Excel.